Credits & attributions

You can use CC-licensed materials as long as you follow the license conditions. One condition of all CC licenses is attribution. Here are some good and not so good examples of attribution. Note: If you want to learn how to mark your own material with a CC license go here. Note: If you're at a point where you are licensing derivative works, go to Marking your work with a CC license.

You can visit the Saylor. These best practices are based on actual CC license requirements. Noting the title is a requirement of all CC licenses version 3. Noting the author, source, license, and retaining any extra notices is a requirement of all CC licenses.

See Devil in the details. If you have any doubts or questions, you can read the complete attribution requirements which are spelled out in detail in the legal code of every CC license, eg. This chart compares the detailed requirements across all versions of CC licenses. There is no one right way; just make sure your attribution is reasonable and suited to the medium you're working with.

That being said, you still have to include attribution requirements somehow, even if it's just a link to an About page that has that info. More on different mediums below. As stated above, best practices for attribution apply as reasonable to the medium you're working with.

For media such as offline materials, video, audio, and images, consider:. If you really want to go there, we have a document about marking materials so that they are machine-readable.

Also, several groups are exploring ways to make attribution easier and simultaneously machine-readable for the web. Here are some tools that have been developed:. From Creative Commons.

Best practices for attribution

Jump to: navigationsearch. Photo: Creative Commons. Example: This video features the song "Desaprendere Treatment " by fourstonesavailable under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial license.

Mastered by John Taylor Williams - listen to attribution starting at Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Namespaces Page Discussion.

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Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 9 Julyat This wiki is licensed to the public under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Your use of this wiki is governed by the Terms of Use.To save this word, you'll need to log in. Send us feedback. See More First Known Use of attributionin the meaning defined at sense 2 History and Etymology for attribution see attribute entry 1 Keep scrolling for more Learn More about attribution Share attribution Post the Definition of attribution to Facebook Share the Definition of attribution on Twitter Time Traveler for attribution.

See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near attribution attributal attribute attribute something to someone or something attribution attribution theory attributive attrist. Accessed 19 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for attribution attribution. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

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Credits: Video Credits and Image Attributions

And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals.

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credits & attributions

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Definition of attribution. Keep scrolling for more.This is not an accurate result, because you did not answer the questions. You need to go back to school and do some studying, because your score is very low! Hit the books then come back to try again! Thank you so much for taking the Accounting quiz. If you scored high, congratulations, yours is major league brain. If you did not score well, hey you can't win them all!

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Trending Quizzes What type of ant are you? Which Leftist Ideology Are You? Which Witcher School do you belong to? What paranormal creature are you most like?In social psychologyattribution is the process of inferring the causes of events or behaviors. In real life, attribution is something we all do every day, usually without any awareness of the underlying processes and biases that lead to our inferences.

For example, over the course of a typical day, you probably make numerous attributions about your own behavior as well as that of the people around you. When you get a poor grade on a quiz, you might blame the teacher for not adequately explaining the material, completely dismissing the fact that you didn't study. When a classmate gets a great grade on the same quiz, you might attribute his good performance to luck, neglecting the fact that he has excellent study habits.

Why do we make internal attributions for some things while making external attributions for others? Part of this has to do with the type of attribution we are likely to use in a particular situation. Cognitive biases often play major roles as well. What impact do attributions for behavior really have on your life? The attributions you make each and every day has an important influence on your feelings as well as how you think and relate to other people.

Psychologists have also introduced a number of different theories to help further understand how the attribution process works. In his book "The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations," Fritz Heider suggested that people observe others, analyze their behavior, and come up with their own common-sense explanations for such actions. External attributions are those that are blamed on situational forces, while internal attributions are blamed on individual characteristics and traits.

InEdward Jones and Keith Davis suggested that people make inferences about others in cases where actions are intentional rather than accidental. The inferences people then make are based on the degree of choice, the expectedness of the behavior, and the effects of that behavior.

Think about the last time you received a good grade on a psychology exam. Chances are that you attributed your success to internal factors. What happens when you receive a poor grade, though? Social psychologists have found that in this situation, you are more likely to attribute your failure to external forces. Notice that both of these explanations lay the blame on outside forces rather than accepting personal responsibility.

Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as the self-serving bias. So why are we more likely to attribute our success to our personal characteristics and blame outside variables for our failures?

Researchers believe that blaming external factors for failures and disappointments helps protect self-esteem. When it comes to other people, we tend to attribute causes to internal factors such as personality characteristics and ignore or minimize external variables. This phenomenon tends to be very widespread, particularly among individualistic cultures. Psychologists refer to this tendency as the fundamental attribution error; even though situational variables are very likely present, we automatically attribute the cause to internal characteristics.

The fundamental attribution error explains why people often blame other people for things over which they usually have no control. The term blaming the victim is often used by social psychologists to describe a phenomenon in which people blame innocent victims of crimes for their misfortune. In such cases, people may accuse the victim of failing to protect themselves from the event by behaving in a certain manner or not taking specific precautionary steps to avoid or prevent the event.

Examples of this include accusing rape victims, domestic violence survivors and kidnap victims of behaving in a manner that somehow provoked their attackers. Researchers suggest that hindsight bias causes people to mistakenly believe that victims should have been able to predict future events and therefore take steps to avoid them.

credits & attributions

Interestingly, when it comes to explaining our own behavior, we tend to have the opposite bias of the fundamental attribution error. When something happens, we are more likely to blame external forces than our personal characteristics. In psychology, this tendency is known as the actor-observer bias.

How can we explain this tendency?Relief could include waiving certain account fees, like overdraft fees, and deferring payments on your credit cards, mortgage and auto loans. You will have to log in to your account. To speak to a customer service representative by phone, you can either call the number on the back of your credit card or one of the below. Make sure you have your credit card ready and any responses to security questions on your account that you may be asked to provide.

Once connected, you will be able to explain your financial situation and any recent hardship you have experienced, such as a recent layoff or fewer working hours. The Bank of America client assistance webpage encourages banking online at home or through the bank's mobile app. Here you can check your accounts, pay your bills and deposit checks. Bank of America customers are likely familiar with its app-based virtual financial assistant named "Erica," which can also help direct consumers and respond to questions about coronavirus.

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credits & attributions

Click here to read our full advertiser disclosure. Popular Offers from Our Partners. Opinions are our own and have not been reviewed, approved, or endorsed by our advertising partners.A PnL Explained Report will usually contain one row per trade or group of trades and will have at a minimum these columns:.

There are two methodologies for calculating Pnl Explained, the 'sensitivities' method and the 'revaluation' method. The Sensitivities Method involves first calculating option sensitivities known as the Greeks because of the common practice of representing the sensitivities using Greek letters.

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To generalize, then, for example to yield curves:. The Revaluation Method recalculates the value of a trade based on the current and the prior day's prices.

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The formula for Impact of Prices using the Revaluation Method is. PnL unexplained is a critical metric that regulators and product control within a bank alike pay attention to. PnL Attribution is used to test the hypothesis that the risk factors identified for a risky position are sufficient to materially explain the value change expected from the risky position. Such that if position sensitivities to those risk factors are calculated, then the value change observed over a day can be attributed to the market price change of those risk factors, with the magnitude of the estimated as a sum product of the risk factor sensitivities and the corresponding daily risk factor price change.

PnL Unexplained is thus a critical metric that when large may highlight instances where the risk factors classified for a risky position are incomplete or the models used for sensitivities calculations are incorrect or inconsistent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Or judging weathermen Retrieved 10 September Categories : Financial statements Financial markets Financial risk Derivatives finance.

Credits and Attributions

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Languages Add links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.In marketingattributionalso known as multi-touch attributionis the identification of a set of user actions "events" or "touchpoints" that contribute in some manner to a desired outcome, and then the assignment of a value to each of these events. The roots of marketing attribution can be traced to the psychological theory of attribution. Typically, attribution data is used by marketers to plan future ad campaigns and inform the performance of previous campaigns by analyzing which media placements ads were the most cost-effective and influential as determined by metrics such as return on ad spend ROAS or cost per lead CPL.

Additionally, multiple attribution models have evolved over time as the proliferation of digital devices and tremendous growth in data available have pushed the development of attribution technology. Binary classification methods from statistics and machine learning can be used to build appropriate models. However, an important element of the models is model interpretability; therefore, logistic regression is often appropriate due to the ease of interpreting model coefficients.

An important feature of the modeling approach is estimating the potential outcome of consumers supposing that they were not exposed to an ad.

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Because marketing is not a controlled experiment, it is helpful to derive potential outcomes in order to understand the true effect of marketing. A marketer is often interested in understanding the 'base', or the likelihood that a consumer will convert without being influenced by marketing.

This allows the marketer to understand the true effectiveness of the marketing plan. The total number of conversions minus the 'base' conversions will give an accurate view of the number of conversions driven by marketing. The 'base' estimate can be approximated using the derived logistic function and using potential outcomes.

Once the base is derived, the incremental effect of marketing can be understood to be the lift over the 'base' for each ad supposing the others were not seen in the potential outcome. This lift over the base is often used as the weight for that characteristic inside the attribution model.

With the weights constructed, the marketer can know the true proportion of conversions driven by different marketing channels or tactics.

Depending on the company's marketing mix, they may use different types of attribution to track their marketing channels:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

PnL Explained

Retrieved April 30, Digital Marketing Attribution". Retrieved March 25, The Wharton School. Retrieved October 31, Forrester Research. Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved March 22, Journal of Political Economy. Retrieved Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved July 8, Categories : Marketing techniques. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Languages Italiano Edit links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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